Agriculture

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and...

Ecosystem

An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscape, work together to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts.

Thermal environment

The thermal environment refers to the things that can affect heat transfer at that point. Heat transfer is the process of thermal exchange between different systems. Generally there will be a net heat transfer from a hotter system to a cooler system.

Agroecology

Agroecology is an applied science that studies ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. Bringing ecological principles to bear can suggest new management approaches in agroecosystems. The term is often used imprecisely, as the term can be used...

Horticulture

Horticulture is the agriculture of plants, mainly for food, materials, comfort and beauty for decoration. Horticulturists apply knowledge, skills, and technologies to grow intensively produced plants for human food and non-food uses and for personal or social needs....

Underground water

Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth’s surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations. A unit of rock or an unconsolidated deposit is called an aquifer when it can yield a usable quantity of water. The depth at which soil pore...

Livestock and Animal Health

Livestock are important in supporting the livelihoods of poor livestock keepers, traders and labourers throughout the developing world. Diseases affecting livestock can have a devastating impact on animal productivity and production, on trade in live animals, meat and...

Bioplastics

Bioplastics are plastics derived from sustainable biomass sources, for example, vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, straw, woodchips, food waste, etc.Bioplastic can be produced using agricultural byproducts and furthermore from utilized plastic jugs and different...
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